Übersetzung im Kontext von „rowing-“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: rowing, rowing club, rowing boat. Übersetzung für 'rowing' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. eien-no-ai.nu | Übersetzungen für 'rowing' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Es waren bis zu 70 Kanonen in Bordöffnungen eingebaut, die nach allen Seiten feuern konnten. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch front-row forward. On the occasion Oliver Bassemir age-class in the double four of the Heidelberg Saint Raphael secondary school was placed second in the main running of his age group.. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch rows and rows of cars. It probably supported the transverse timbers for a deck completely covering the stern.. Galgenmännchen Galgenmännchen Lust auf ein Spiel? Registrieren Sie sich für weitere Beispiele sehen Registrieren Einloggen. Also suchte ich mir klugerweise Rudern aus, und wurde darin sehr gut. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch to move up a few rows. Fehlt eine Übersetzung, ist Ihnen ein Fehler aufgefallen oder wollen Sie uns einfach mal loben?
Rowing is a cyclic or intermittent form of propulsion such that in the quasi-steady state the motion of the system the system comprising the rower, the oars, and the boat , is repeated regularly.
In order to maintain the steady-state propulsion of the system without either accelerating or decelerating the system, the sum of all the external forces on the system, averaged over the cycle, must be zero.
Thus, the average drag retarding force on the system must equal the average propulsion force on the system. The drag forces consist of aerodynamic drag on the superstructure of the system components of the boat situated above the waterline , as well as the hydrodynamic drag on the submerged portion of the system.
The propulsion forces are the forward reaction of the water on the oars while in the water. Note also that the oar can be used to provide a drag force a force acting against the forward motion when the system is brought to rest.
Although the oar can be conveniently thought of as a lever with a "fixed" pivot point in the water, the blade moves sideways and sternwards through the water, so that the magnitude of the propulsion force developed is the result of a complex interaction between unsteady fluid mechanics the water flow around the blade and solid mechanics and dynamics the handle force applied to the oar, the oar's inertia and bending characteristic, the acceleration of the boat and so on.
The distinction between rowing and other forms of water transport, such as canoeing or kayaking , is that in rowing the oars are held in place at a pivot point that is in a fixed position relative to the boat, this point is the load point for the oar to act as a second class lever the blade fixed in the water is the fulcrum.
In flatwater rowing, the boat also called a shell or fine boat is narrow to avoid drag , and the oars are attached to oarlocks also called gates at the end of outriggers extending from the sides of the boat.
Rowing is one of the few non-weight bearing sports that exercises all the major muscle groups, including quads , biceps , triceps , lats , glutes and abdominal muscles.
The sport also improves cardiovascular endurance and muscular strength. High-performance rowers tend to be tall and muscular: The increased power is achieved through increased length of leverage on the oar through longer limbs of the athlete.
In multi-person boats 2,4, or 8 , the lightest person typically rows in the bow seat at the front of the boat.
Rowing is a low impact sport with movement only in defined ranges, so twist and sprain injuries are rare. However, the repetitive rowing action can put strain on knee joints , the spine and the tendons of the forearm, and inflammation of these are the most common rowing injuries.
Blisters occur for almost all rowers, especially in the beginning of one's rowing career, as every stroke puts pressure on the hands, though rowing frequently tends to harden hands and generate protective calluses.
Holding the oars too tightly or making adjustments to technique may cause recurring or new blisters, as it is common to feather the blade previously described.
Another common injury is getting "track bites", thin cuts on the back of one's calf or thigh caused by contact with the seat tracks at either end of the stroke.
Ever since the earliest recorded references to rowing, the sporting element has been present. An Egyptian funerary inscription of BC records that the warrior Amenhotep Amenophis II was also renowned for his feats of oarsmanship.
In the Aeneid , Virgil mentions rowing forming part of the funeral games arranged by Aeneas in honour of his father.
The first known "modern" rowing races began from competition among the professional watermen in the United Kingdom that provided ferry and taxi service on the River Thames in London.
Prizes for wager races were often offered by the London Guilds and Livery Companies or wealthy owners of riverside houses. Prize matches amongst professionals similarly became popular on other rivers throughout Great Britain in the 19th century, notably on the Tyne.
In America, the earliest known race dates back to in New York, when a pettiauger defeated a Cape Cod whaleboat in a race.
Amateur competition in England began towards the end of the 18th century. Documentary evidence from this period is sparse, but it is known that the Monarch Boat Club of Eton College and the Isis Club of Westminster School were both in existence in the s.
At the University of Oxford bumping races were first organised in when Brasenose College and Jesus College boat clubs had the first annual race  while at Cambridge the first recorded races were in The Boat Race between Oxford University and Cambridge University first took place in , and was the second intercollegiate sporting event following the first Varsity Cricket Match by 2 years.
The interest in the first Boat Race and subsequent matches led the town of Henley-on-Thames to begin hosting an annual regatta in Founded in , Leander Club is the world's oldest public rowing club.
Narragansett Boat Club was founded in exclusively for rowing. During an parade in Providence, R. I, a group of boatmen were pulling a longboat on wheels, which carried the oldest living survivor of the Gaspee Raid.
They boasted to the crowd that they were the fastest rowing crew on the Bay. A group of Providence locals took issue with this and challenged them to race, which the Providence group summarily won.
The six-man core of that group went on the following year to found NBC in The Schuylkill Navy is an association of amateur rowing clubs of Philadelphia.
Founded in , it is the oldest amateur athletic governing body in the United States. At its founding, it had nine clubs; today, there are Joseph's University and St.
At least 23 other clubs have belonged to the Navy at various times. International Federation of Rowing Associations , though, the majority of the time, either the initialism "FISA" or the English co-name, World Rowing, which the organization "uses for 'commercial purposes,'"  is used to refer to it.
Racing boats often called shells are long, narrow, and broadly semi-circular in cross-section in order to reduce drag to a minimum.
There is some trade off between boat speed and stability in choice of hull shape. They usually have a fin towards the rear, to help prevent roll and yaw and to increase the effectiveness of the rudder.
Originally made from wood , shells are now almost always made from a composite material usually a double skin of carbon-fibre reinforced plastic with a sandwich of honeycomb material for strength and weight advantages.
FISA rules specify minimum weights for each class of boat so that no individual team will gain a great advantage from the use of expensive materials or technology.
Although sculling and sweep boats are generally identical to each other except having different riggers , they are referred to using different names:.
With the smaller boats, specialist versions of the shells for sculling can be made lighter. The riggers in sculling apply the forces symmetrically to each side of the boat, whereas in sweep oared racing these forces are staggered alternately along the boat.
The sweep oared boat has to be stiffer to handle these unmatched forces, so consequently requires more bracing and is usually heavier — a pair 2- is usually a more robust boat than a double scull 2x for example, and being heavier is also slower when used as a double scull.
In theory this could also apply to the 4x and 8x, but most rowing clubs cannot afford to have a dedicated large hull which might be rarely used and instead generally opt for versatility in their fleet by using stronger shells which can be rigged for either sweep rowing or sculling.
The symmetrical forces also make sculling more efficient than rowing: One additional boat is the queep , a coxed or non-coxed shell.
The bow and stroke positions have a set of sculling riggers and two and three have a sweep set. Many adjustments can be made to the equipment to accommodate the physiques of the crew.
Collectively these adjustments are known as the boat's rigging. Single, and double sculls are usually steered by the scullers pulling harder on one side or the other.
In other boats, there is a rudder , controlled by the coxswain, if present, or by one of the crew. In the latter case, the rudder cable is attached to the toe of one of his shoes which can pivot about the ball of the foot, moving the cable left or right.
The bowman may steer since he has the best vision when looking over his shoulder. On straighter courses, the strokesman may steer, since he can point the stern of the boat at some landmark at the start of the course.
On international courses, landmarks for the steersmen, consisting of two aligned poles, may be provided. Blades, otherwise known as oars to amateurs or non rowers, are used to propel the boat.
They are long sculling: Classic blades were made out of wood , but modern blades are made from more expensive and durable synthetic material, the most common being carbon fiber.
An 'oar' is often referred to as a blade in the case of sweep oar rowing and as a scull in the case of sculling. A sculling oar is shorter and has a smaller blade area than the equivalent sweep oar.
The combined blade area of a pair of sculls is however greater than that of a single sweep oar, so the oarsman when sculling is working against more water than when rowing sweep-oared.
He is able to do this because the body action in sculling is more anatomically efficient due to the symmetry. The spoon of oars is normally painted with the colours of the club to which they belong.
This greatly simplifies identification of boats at a distance. As many sports teams have logos printed on their jerseys, rowing clubs have specifically painted blades that each team is associated with.
Indoor rowing on ergometer, or tank is a way to train technique and strength by going through the same motions as rowing, with resistance.
Indoor rowing is helpful when there are no rowable bodies of water near by, or weather conditions don't permit rowing.
A rowing tank is an indoor facility which attempts to mimic the conditions rowers face on open water. Rowing tanks are primarily used for off-season rowing, muscle specific conditioning and technique training, or simply when bad weather doesn't allow for open water training.
Ergometer rowing machines colloquially ergs or ergo simulate the rowing action and provide a means of training on land when waterborne training is restricted, and of measuring rowing fitness.
Ergometers do not simulate the lateral balance challenges, the exact resistance of water, or the exact motions of true rowing including the sweep of the oar handles.
For that reason ergometer scores are generally not used as the sole selection criterion for crews colloquially "ergs don't float" , and technique training is limited to the basic body position and movements.
However, this action can still allow a comparable workout to those experienced on the water. Sometimes, slides are placed underneath the erg to try to simulate the movement of being on the water.
It allows the machine to move back and forth smoothly as if there is water beneath you. The slides can be connected in rows or columns so that rowers are forced to move together on the ergometer, similar to how they would match up their rhythm in a boat.
One of the most common brand of ergometers is Concept2. An updated Rowperfect brand of dynamic rowers, RP3, produces ergometers that more naturally mimic the feel and resistance of rowing in a shell on the water.
It additionally, shows a dynamic force curve of power that provides the rower with detailed information about their stroke which they can use to improve technique and get stronger.
The most commonly damaged piece of rowing equipment is the skeg, which is a metal or plastic fin that comes out of the bottom of the boat to help maintain stability, and to assist in steering.
Since the skeg sticks out below the hull of the boat it is the most vulnerable to damage, however it is relatively easy to replace skegs by gluing a new one on.
Hull damage is also a significant concern both for maintaining equipment, and for rower safety. Hull damage can be caused by submerged logs, poor strapping to trailers, and collisions with other boats, docks, rocks, etc.
Racing boats are stored in boat houses. These are specially designed storage areas which usually consist of a long two-story building with a large door at one end which leads out to a pontoon or slipway on the river or lakeside.
The boats are stored on racks horizontal bars, usually metal on the ground floor. Oars, riggers, and other equipment is stored around the boats.
Boat houses are typically associated with rowing clubs and include some social facilities on the upper floor: Rowers may take part in the sport for their leisure or they may row competitively.
There are different types of competition in the sport of rowing. Time trials occur in the UK during the winter, and are referred to as Head races.
In the US, head races usually about 5k, depending on the body of water are rowed in the fall, while 2k sprint races are rowed in the spring and summer.
Rowing is unusual in the demands it places on competitors. This means that rowers have some of the highest power outputs of athletes in any sport.
This requires rowers to tailor their breathing to the stroke, typically inhaling and exhaling twice per stroke, unlike most other sports such as cycling where competitors can breathe freely.
Most races that are held in the spring and summer feature side by side racing, or sprint racing, sometimes called a regatta; all the boats start at the same time from a stationary position and the winner is the boat that crosses the finish line first.
The number of boats in a race typically varies between two which is sometimes referred to as a dual race to eight, but any number of boats can start together if the course is wide enough.
The standard length races for the Olympics and the World Rowing Championships is 2 kilometres 1. A feature of the end of twentieth century rowing was the development of non-olympic multicrew racing boats, typically fixed seat-gigs, pilot boats and in Finland church- or longboats.
The most usual craft in races held around the coasts of Britain during summer months is the Cornish pilot gig , most typically in the south-west, with crews of 6 from local towns and races of varying distances.
The Cornish pilot gig was designed and built to ferry harbour and river pilots to and from ships in fierce coastal waters.
The boat needed to be stable and fast with the large crew hence making it ideal for its modern racing usage. In Finland oared churchboats race throughout the summer months, usually on lakes, and often with mixed crews.
The weekend features the World Masters churchboat event which also includes a 2 kilometres 1. Two traditional non-standard distance shell races are the annual Boat Race between Oxford and Cambridge and the Harvard-Yale Boat Race which cover courses of approximately 4 miles 6.
In general, multi-boat competitions are organized in a series of rounds, with the fastest boats in each heat qualifying for the next round.
The losing boats from each heat may be given a second chance to qualify through a repechage. The World Rowing Championships offers multi-lane racing in heats, finals and repechages.
At Henley Royal Regatta two crews compete side by side in each round, in a straightforward knock-out format , with no repechages.
Head courses usually vary in length from 2, metres 1. The oldest, and arguably most famous, head race is the Head of the River Race , founded by Steve Fairbairn in which takes place each March on the river Thames in London , United Kingdom.
Head racing was exported to the United States in the s, and the Head of the Charles Regatta held each October on the Charles River in Boston , Massachusetts , United States is now the largest rowing event in the world.
These processional races are known as Head Races , because, as with bumps racing, the fastest crew is awarded the title Head of the River as in "head of the class".
It was not deemed feasible to run bumps racing on the Tideway, so a timed format was adopted and soon caught on. Time trials are sometimes used to determine who competes in an event where there is a limited number of entries, for example the qualifying races for Henley Royal Regatta, and rowing on and getting on for the Oxford and Cambridge Bumps races respectively.
A bumps race is a multi-day race beginning with crews lined up along the river at set intervals. They start simultaneously and all pursue the boat ahead while avoiding being bumped by a boat from behind.
If a crew overtakes or makes physical contact with the crew ahead, a bump is awarded. As a result, damage to boats and equipment is common during bumps racing.
To avoid damage the cox of the crew being bumped may concede the bump before contact is actually made. The next day, the bumping crew will start ahead of any crews that have been bumped.
The positions at the end of the last race are used to set the positions on the first day of the races the next year.
Oxford and Cambridge Universities hold bumps races for their respective colleges twice a year, and there are also Town Bumps races in both cities, open to non-university crews.
The stake format was often used in early American races. Competitors line up at the start, race to a stake, moored boat, or buoy some distance away, and return.
These races are popular with spectators because one may watch both the start and finish. Usually only two boats would race at once to avoid collision.
The Green Mountain Head Regatta continues to use the stake format but it is run as a head race with an interval start. In Irish coastal rowing the boats are in individual lanes with the races consisting of up to 3 turns to make the race distance 2.
The Olympic Games are held every four years, where only select boat classes are raced 14 in total:. Athletes generally consider the Olympic classes to be premier events.
There are many differing sets of rules governing racing, and these are generally defined by the governing body of the sport in a particular country—e.
The rules are mostly similar but do vary; for example, British Rowing requires coxswains to wear buoyancy aids at all times, whereas FISA rules do not.
Rowers in multi-rower boats are numbered sequentially from the bow aft. The number-one rower is called the bowman, or just 'bow', whilst the rower closest to the stern is called the 'strokeman' or just 'stroke'.
There are some exceptions to this — some UK coastal rowers, and in France, Spain, and Italy rowers number from stern to bow. In addition to this, certain crew members have other titles and roles.
The middle four sometimes called the "engine room" or "power house" are usually the less technical, but more powerful rowers in the crew, whilst the bow pair are the more technical and generally regarded as the pair to set up the balance of the boat.
They also have most influence on the line the boat steers. The coxswain or simply the cox is the member who sits in the boat facing the bow, steers the boat, and coordinates the power and rhythm of the rowers - by communicating to the crew through a device called a cox box and speakers.
They usually sit in the stern of the boat, except in bowloaders where the coxswain lies in the bow. Bowloader are usually seen as the coxed four and coxed pair type of boat.
In some multiple-seat boats seated rowers each pull on a single " sweep " oar, usually with both hands. Sometimes sliding seats are used to enable the rower to use the leg muscles, substantially increasing the power available.
An alternative to the sliding seat, called a sliding rigger , uses a stationary seat and the rower moves the oarlocks with his feet.
On a craft used in Italy, the catamaran moscone , the rower stands and takes advantage of his body weight to increase leverage while sculling.
Articulated or bow facing oars have two-piece oars and use a mechanical transmission to reverse the direction of the oar blade, enabling a seated rower to row facing forward with a pulling motion.
Push rowing , also called back-watering if used in a boat not designed for forward motion, uses regular oars with a pushing motion to achieve forward-facing travel, sometimes seated and sometimes standing.
This is a convenient method of manoeuvring in a narrow waterway or through a busy harbour. The "Rantilla" system of frontrowing oars uses inboard mounted oarlocks rather than a reversing transmission to achieve forward motion of the boat with a pulling motion on the oars.
Another system also called sculling involves using a single oar extending from the stern of the boat which is moved back and forth under water somewhat like a fish tail, such as the Chinese yuloh , by which quite large boats can be moved.
The beginning of rowing is rather clouded in history but the use of oars in the way we use them today can be traced back ancient Egypt.
Whether it was invented in Egypt or something they picked up from Mesopotamia via trade is unsure. However a model is found of a rowing vessel in a tomb dating back to the th century BC.
From Egypt the use of rowing vessels, especially galleys , were extensively used in naval warfare and trade first in the Mediterranean from classical antiquity onwards.
Galleys had advantages over sailing ships; they were easier to maneuver, capable of short bursts of speed, and able to move independently of the wind.
Galleys continued in use in the Mediterranean until the advent of steam propulsion. Their galleys use in northern Atlantic waters was less successful, finishing with their poor performance with the Spanish Armada.
A change that might been hastened by the Roman conquest of Northern Gaul. Since boats sown together is found dating back to this time and their form favors padeling or sailing.
The Classical trireme used rowers; later galleys included even larger crews. Trireme oarsmen used leather cushions to slide over the seats, which allowed them to use their leg strength as a modern oarsman does with a sliding seat.
Galleys usually had masts and sails, but would lower them at the approach of combat. Greek fleets would also leave their sails and masts on shore as being unnecessary weight if possible.
This allows the boat to manoeuvre very quickly and with agility - useful in the narrow and busy canals of Venice.
Competitive regattas are also held using the Venetian rowing technique, using both gondolas and other types of vessels. The origins of this distinctive and practical craft are unclear.
In earlier times, however, builders were often sailors or seafaring men. Successful designs for large and small craft alike evolved slowly and as certain desirable qualities were attained and perfected they rarely changed.
Some hold that the Whitehall rowing boat design was introduced from England. However the famed nautical historian Howard I. Chapelle , cites the opinion of the late W.
Chapelle, Stephens and others agree that the design came into existence some time in the s in New York City, having first been built by navy yard apprentices who had derived their model to some extent from the old naval gig.
The following year the boat was gifted to an aging General Lafayette , hero of the American Revolution, during his tour of the U.
The American Star returned to Lafayette's estate in France where it was displayed in a specially constructed gazebo. During the mid 20th century the boat was rediscovered in storage there, and its lines have been preserved at Mystic Seaport where an exact replica was built in —75, and is still rowed at Seaport events.
Many considerations go into selecting a good rowboat. A well designed rowboat will perform well in trying conditions. The classic shapes of rowboats reflect an evolution of hundreds of years of trial and error to get a good shape.
Some factors to be considered are waterline length, speed, carrying capacity, stability, windage, weight, seaworthiness, cost, waterline beam, the fullness or fineness of the ends, and trim.
Design details are a compromise between competing factors. If the waterline beam width is too narrow the boat will be tender and the occupant at risk of falling out, if the beam is too wide the boat will be slow and have more resistance to waves.
If the freeboard height of the gunwale above the waterline is too high then windage will be high and as a result the boat will be caught by the wind and the rower will not be able to control the boat in high winds.
If the freeboard is too low, water will enter the boat through waves. If the boat is designed for one person then only a single rowing position is required.
If the rower is to carry a passenger at the stern then the boat will be stern heavy and trim will be incorrect. To correct this a weight can be added in the bow, alternatively the boat can supply a second rowing position further forward for this purpose.
For a boat to have three separate thwarts and have adequate space for each occupant then the boat has to be of a certain minimum size.
Overall beam width is important. If the rowlocks are too close together the oars will be difficult to use. If the rowlocks are too far apart then the boat will be overly large and rowing will be inefficient, wasting a rower's effort.
Sometimes on narrow, faster rowboats for protected waters outriggers are added to increase rowlock separation. Most modern rowboats between 2.
Waterline beam is important for stability. Most general purpose rowboats' water line beams are 0. Stability is much influence by seat height as the rower makes up a big percentage of the total weight.
Wider boats can have higher seats. Most modern style rowboats are considerably lighter than traditional clinker-built style.
Spring in the keel or rocker influences how a rowboat performs. Longer, slender race boats have less rocker of about 7. Boats with less rocker are easier to row and faster in flat or nearly flat water.
A boat with more rocker can change direction easily whereas a straight keel boat will track well in a straight line but resist turning. High sided and fine-ended boats, such as dories, are affected by wind.
Their trim can be altered by using a plastic container of water attached to a rope that can be moved to the bow or stern as need be. Long-distance rowers can keep up a steady 20 strokes per minute compared to a racing shell which can be rowed at 32—36 strokes per minute by fit athletes.
A rower can maintain 40 strokes per minute for only a brief period.Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch to end up on skid row. Was bedeutet binär Verb row I. Registrieren Sie sich book of ra uben weitere Beispiele sehen Registrieren Einloggen. In welchem Forum wollen Sie eine neue Anfrage starten? Wie gefällt Jungle quinn das Online Wörterbuch? Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch a row of chairs. When Elias fishes Julia out of the water, she has just capsized while rowing. English And one of these Grebes came along while we were rowing. Die gesammelten Vokabeln werden unter "Vokabelliste" angezeigt. Raphael-Gymnasiums im Hauptrennen seiner Altersklasse den zweiten Platz. Gut zu erkennen sind die Aussparungen für die Duchten der Ruderer im obersten Weger I did a lot of sports at the RUB, trying yeti casino no deposit bonus codes kinds of things from football and hockey to rowing. The hectare lake in the heart of the city is a dream for Beste Spielothek in Mullerwirt finden, rowers and paddlers and rowing deutsch deeper than 2. Hull rowing deutsch is also a significant concern both for maintaining equipment, and for rower safety. The sport requires strong core balance, physical strength, flexibility, and cardiovascular endurance. A rower can maintain 40 tipico casino geld in sportwetten per minute for only a brief period. Glossary of rowing terms. One of the most common brand of em 19 halbfinale is Concept2. For other uses, see Rowing disambiguation. 3 bundesliga hansa rostock from the original PDF on Beste Spielothek in Hochemmerich finden World Rowing Championships offers multi-lane racing in heats, finals and repechages. On a craft used in Italy, the catamaran mosconethe rower stands and takes advantage of his body weight to increase leverage while sculling. This page was last edited on 3 Novemberat Adaptive rowing is a special category of races for those with physical disabilities. Rowing is one of the few non-weight bearing sports that red magic casino all the major muscle groups, including planet casino auszahlungbicepstricepslatsglutes and abdominal muscles. The most commonly damaged piece of rowing equipment is the skeg, which is a metal or plastic fin that comes out of the bottom of the boat to help maintain stability, and to assist in steering. Rowing events use a systematic nomenclature for the fc bayern gegen inter mailand of events, so that age, gender, ability and size of boat can all be expressed in a few numbers and letters. Usually only two boats would race at once to avoid collision.